MSI Seminar: Solving the trajectory inference problem with the help of Optimal Transport

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Publié le 15 septembre 2021 Mis à jour le 4 octobre 2021
Date(s)

le 28 octobre 2021

On October 28, 2021 at 10:00 a.m.
Lieu(x)

100% en ligne

Seminar held via Zoom

Online seminar held by Hugo Lavenant (Assistant Professor at Bocconi University, Italy)

Speaker

Hugo Lavenant, Assistant Professor at Bocconi University (Italy).

Abstract

The "trajectory inference" problem arises when one tries to study biological processes with new experimental technologies like single cell RNA sequencing and is interested in the evolution of cell states over time. Indeed these technologies provide high dimensional measurements of cell states, but they are destructive thus cannot track the trajectories of the cells over time.
We explain how optimal transport, a mathematical theory which enables to compare probability distributions and computing couplings between random variables, can be used to solve this problem and reconstruct the temporal couplings as well as the trajectories and the fates of the cells. This method was tested on synthetic and real data, in particular to study differentiation of cells in developmental biology. We will also mention some of the theoretical challenges linked to this problem.

Registration

To join this online seminar, please register on https://msi.univ-cotedazur.eu/seminars/.
Should you need further information, please send an email to: silvia.bottini@univ-cotedazur.fr.